Grammar

Lecke folyamat
0% kész


Language of Contrast and Comparison

When Caroline and Jennifer organised the conference, they had to decide on location. After doing some research on the Internet, they considered two options: The Dot Com Hotel and the Superfast Connection Conference Centre. They compared and contrasted the two places. Below are some reasons why they finally chose The Dot Com. Pay attention to the language they used in their arguments.


* Superfast is in central London and closer to Heathrow, but Dot Com can offer much more suitable and friendlier environment for holding a conference.

* Superfast’s surroundings are rather noisy, whereas Dot Com is located in a quiet countryside.

* In comparison/Compared with Superfast, Dot Com offers much more comfortable accommodation.

* The presentation technology in Superfast is not quite as good as in Dot Com.

* Both places have a large main conference room, but the one in Dot Com can hold twice as many people.

* The kitchen in Superfast does not enjoy as high reputation as in Dot Com. Which is substantially more important for the delegates than night-life opportunities.

* In contrast to Dot Com, Superfast doesn’t offer any fitness facilities.

* Superfast does have higher-speed wi-fi connection than Dot Com, but on the other hand, it is also less reliable.


Passive Constructions

In her welcome speech, Caroline gave the delegates also some practical information regarding conference organisation. Such announcements are normally spoken/written in the passive voice.

This is what she said, plus the reasons why passive verbs forms are used.

  • What happens (to something/someone) is more important than who does it:

Mr. Schneider’s seminar has been moved from room C to room E as there have occurred some unexpected technical problems.

Coffee and drinks have been already arranged in all breakout rooms.

Seminars’ handouts are being printed and will be delivered to seminar rooms in time.

  • The person who does something is unimportant/unknown, or we don’t want to say who is responsible:

The guest lounge is reserved for the conference banquet which is scheduled to start at 7 p.m.

We were informed last night that lunch is served in the dining room, not in the guest lounge.

Unfortunately, the ground floor bathrooms key has been lost, so during the plenaries, please use the bathrooms on the first floor.


Summary

Note that passive forms appear in various tenses; here we are using the following:

present simple is reserved
present continuous are being printed
present perfect has been moved
past simple were informed
future will be delivered